We are all familiar with the story of Cinderella. How a poor girl met her fairy godmother who then cast some spells changing her rags into a beautiful gown complete with glass slippers, mice into horses, lizards into footman, a rat into a coachman and “POOF” a pumpkin to carriage. All to be undone when the clock rang midnight. That story might be more believable than what the Firearms Technology Industry Services Branch (FTISB) is writing these days.
It seems that a new determination letter from FTISB is making the rounds on the internet. This one is dated November 10th and is surprisingly only surfacing now. In this letter, the writer inquires as to “Will it be lawful, without a Form 1, to build an AR Pistol of any such caliber with a SIG brace, a Noveske flash suppressor, and a MagPul Angled Forward Grip, from a lower receiver marked as ‘OTHER’?”
Entire Letter – Sig Brace Nov 2014
FTISB writes a brief paragraph related to the SIG Brace, its design and that it was “not designed or intended for firing a weapon from the shoulder.” In the next paragraph, FTISB states that the attachment of the brace to an AR pistol would not change the classification to a SBR. It goes on to say that, “if this device, un-modified or modified; is assembled to a pistol and used as a shoulder stock, thus designing or redesigning or making or remaking of a weapon design to be fired from the shoulder; this assembly would constitute the making of a “rifle” as defined in 18 U.S.C. Section 921(a)(7).”
In the following paragraph FTISB discusses that if the receiver used was one that had been assembled into a rifle previously, if the new weapon utilizing the SIG Brace had an overall length of 26 inches or less or a barrel length of 16 inches or less that the new weapon would be a “weapon made from a rifle” as defined by the National Firearms Act of 1934 (NFA).
FTISB continues “if this device, un-modified or modified; is assembled to a pistol and used as a should stock, in the designing or redesigning or making or remaking of a weapon designed to be fired from the shoulder, which incorporates a barrel length of less than 16 inches; this assemble would constitute the making of “a rifle having a barrel or barrels of less than 16 inches in length”; an NFA firearm as defined in 26 U.S.C., Section 5845(a)(3).” (All misspellings are that of FTISB).
It seems as though FTISB is now playing logic games in an attempt to classify legal objects and their uses as NFA items. Let’s take a look at their determination and how it is logically flawed.
FTISB correctly finds that the SIG Brace is NOT designed or intended for firing a weapon from the shoulder. In its original determination letter, the Firearms Technology Branch (FTB) found that the brace when attached to a firearm did not convert it to be fired from the shoulder and would not alter the classification of the firearm.
FTISB says the same thing in the beginning of this new determination but goes on to say that if it is USED as a shoulder stock the classification changes. We are left to extrapolate that FTISB arrives at this conclusion because the user must have designed or redesigned or made or remade the firearm to be fired from the shoulder. Of course, they are careful to not acknowledge where that act actually occurs which poses all kinds of issues.
But did the end user actually design or redesign or make or remake the firearm by shouldering a firearm equipped with the SIG Brace? I think not. NFA defines the term “make” for us.
“Make.—The term “make”, and the various derivatives of such word, shall include manufacturing (other than by one qualified to engage in such a business under this chapter), putting together, altering, any combination of these, or otherwise producing a firearm.” 26 U.S.C. § 5845(i)
The logical problem that ATF can’t overcome in their warped perception of reality is that the firearm was already made prior to it being shouldered. It was already manufactured, put together, altered and/or produced prior to an individual picking it up and placing the brace against their shoulder. And herein lies the problem that ATF can’t reconcile with their determination letters.
ATF is alleging that the act of shouldering is the act which is the “designing or redesigning or making or remaking” of a firearm. FTISB, quite cleverly, included that the brace “un-modified or modified” assembled to a pistol and used as a shoulder stock created a rifle. By including the “un-modified” language, it is most likely an attempt to argue that no physical alteration was required to achieve the designing or redesigning or making or remaking of the firearm.
Unfortunately for them, NFA doesn’t quite agree with that interpretation. The law is quite clear as to what constitutes the making of a firearm. And it seems that ATF willfully neglected to include an important tidbit when it defined a “rifle” in the determination letter. A rifle is only a rifle if it was “intended to be fired from the shoulder”. 18 U.S.C. §921(a)(7).
So then we are left with the hypothetical I posed in my last blog post. If an individual makes a pistol using the brace, fires it as intended and then hands it to a friend who shoulders it, is it an illegal SBR? Let’s take it a step further, if it is an illegal SBR at that moment, after the friend returns it to the owner and the owner shoots it as intended, did it revert back to an unregulated pistol? Or does it fall into the once an NFA item always an NFA item (unless removed from the registry) category?
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9 thoughts on “Cinderella and ATF’s Determination: The Fairy Tale of an AR Pistol to SBR through Magic”
To make matters even more confusing, a thompson center contender pistol can be made into a rifle by adding a shoulder stock and 16″ barrel, and then changed back to a pistol by the owner, without violating their arbitrary rules…. I went the safe route and got a tax stamp for my ar15
Great Blog! Magic beans, fairy dust, and a wand….
If I use a handgun (maybe a Glock) with two hands, have I redisigned it to be used with two hands?
Does that make it an AOW?
Great Article. Thanks for the info. Does anyone know where I can find a 2014 FTB form?
Another question for everyone to consider. If i don’t have a hand gun permit and i one hand-strait arm an ar rifle , did i turn it into a pistol ? am i subject to arrest for possessing a pistol without a permit ?
The ATF now states that any .50 BMG AR upper is a fire arm, which has never been a law no declared to be in that definition all AR15 uppers constitute a firearm which has 2 receivers, an upper and a lower. .